By Leonard Nshimiyimana
As the world sets to celebrate World Water Day on 22, March 2017, an estimated 1.5 million population living in Rwanda’s capital Kigali decry water shortage.
Available figures from Water and Sanitation Corporation (WASAC) indicate that atleast 120,000 cubic meters of water are needed every day to supply the growing population in the City of Kigali. The current capacity is 90, 000 cubic meters.
Ideally, every city dweller should consume 100 litres per day, but Kigali residents are still relying on 40 liters. On the national level, only 84.9 percent Rwandans have access to clean water – according to the Fourth Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (EICV4).
Methode Rutagungira, water and sanitation corporation officer says there are plans to extend more water projects to generate the extra needed 30.000 cubic meter of water to satisfy Kigali residents.
Currently, Nzove I and II water plants supply 90.000 cubic meter to Kigali City residents every day.
The ongoing extension works of Nzove II, according to Rutagungira, are expected to be completed by August this year at a tune Rwf25 billion – fixing water shortage at an extra capacity of 150.000 cubic meter.
Nzove II water plant currently has 25,000 cubic meters production capacity every day.
The water utility plans to build a new water plant with production capacity of 40.000 cubic meter to meet the water demand by 2023.
“The new plant which will produce 40.000 cubic meter water plus 115.000 and Kigali City will have 155.000 cubic meter by 2023,” Rutagungira noted.
It is estimated that Kigali City residents will need 150.000 cubic meter of water a day by 2023 – meaning a surplus of 5 cubic meters of water.
Meanwhile, City of Kigali and Northern Province take lion’s share of the current 84.8 percent of access to clean water countrywide, according to EICV4. Residents of Bugesera and Nyagatare districts in Eastern Province are the most victims of inadequate clean water standing at 69.5 and 72.5 percent respectively. Rwanda uses less than 2% of its available fresh water resources.