RISD Embarks on New Formula for Land Conflict Resolution

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By Daniel Sabiiti

RISD Director Annie Kairaba (Left) analyses some land dispute reports presented during the consultative meeting with 144 focal persons.


Rwanda Initiative for Sustainable Development (RISD) has embarked on new innovations for tools for timeliness in reporting and addressing land related disputes.

In addition to 144 Voluntary Community Focal Persons (VCFPs), who support communities to timely report land related disputes,155 monitoring boxes have been placed in 11 pilot districts.

The districts include: Gasabo, Nyarugenge, Kicukiro, Kamonyi, Muhanga, Karungi, Musanze, Gakenke, Rubavu, Kirehe, Nyaruguru, and at each of the 144 sectors of these districts.

The suggestion boxes as the most recent innovation tool, is mainly designed to reduce time spent on seeking appointment to report to relevant authorities of their land related problems.

This new innovation is an answer to both the local leaders and the community members, especially women and vulnerable, in that local leaders have to examine all land related problem reported through the monitoring boxes, as there is no stigma since every community is enabled to report with no restriction.   The weak and elderly, can even send other people to drop their problems in the monitoring boxes.

A committee is in place that examine issues received through the boxes.  VCFPs, are part of this committee, including Community Policing.    VCFPs, play a very important role in monitoring that all received issues are addressed by relevant authorities.

“It is also good that 65% of VCFPs are women, who understand more land related disputes, as opposed to men, which places them to the advantage of equal and fair management of disputes  from women and the vulnerable perspective,” said Annie Kairaba, the RISD Director said

RISD land related disputes monitoring reports indicated that, timeliness reporting reduces disputes.  For example by end of 2016, at least 5043 cases were resolved out of the 6474 received through the mediation process conducted by mediators (Abunzi).

According to Land Dispute Assessment Report and Toolkit, a report released in 2014 by USAID Land Project in Rwanda, showed that dispute over inheritance and gifts of land are the most common followed by disputes involving informal and polygamous unions, disputes about land transactions, and boundary disputes.

A group of sector focal points compile reports on land disputes

For effectiveness of the VCFPs, in their support, they also need to know each other, and exchange experiences, in order to strengthen the innovative tools in community land related dispute management.

A team of 144 VCFPs met in Kigali on July 21st 2017, facilitated by RISD.    At the retreat, VCFPs share the types of disputes received from their respective districts, and made commitments to encourage communities to report their disputes even faster, in order to be supported timely.

“We appreciated the added tools of monitoring boxes, seen as an additional mechanism to support women and the vulnerable, in reporting their land related disputes, with equal opportunity” said Regina Ntaganda to the participants.

This new innovative tool of monitoring boxes is linked to RISDICT4D tool, in that, data gathered from the boxes, is entered and process in the RISDICT4D tool by the RISD team.

The RISDICT4D App was launched last year, aimed at collecting and analyzing data on land related disputes.




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